ABOUT TEA

     Tirupur was an obscure town once has now been placed in the knitwear map of global apart from catering to the whole India. Tirupur is the Country’s largest textile cluster and accounts for 90% of the country’s cotton knitwear exports. The success story of Tirupur can be mainly attributed to the entrepreneurial skills of the people coupled with hard work and commitment to the job. Within three decades, the knitwear exports from Tirupur has grownup by leaps and bounds, from less than Rs.10 crores in 1984 to Rs.26,000 crores in 2016 – 17 and in 2017-18, it recorded Rs.24,000 Crore. The achievement is from Three million to three billion in three decades.

TIRUPUR KNITWEAR EXPORTS

     Tirupur is contributing about 45% of total knitwear exports from our country and is exporting only cotton based garments. There is a good scope for increasing our market share in the global from the current level of about 2.6% by exporting value added products and synthetic products. As a product diversification, Knitwear Technology Mission (KTM) has been setup in Tirupur, under the aegis of AEPC to guide the industry to venture into manufacturing of synthetic garments like sportswear, swim wear, yoga wear, performance wear etc., which have a market throughout the year globally. The following table compares the with knitwear exports of Tirupur with all India exports.

Knitwear Exports

(Value in Rs. Cr)

 

2013-14

2014-15

2015- 16

2016-17

2017- 18

All India

40,339

46,801

50,150

55,150

51,526

Tirupur

18,000

21,000

23,050

26,000

24,000

Share (%)

44.62

44.87

45.96

46.89

46.58


Chronological growth of Tirupur
The first knitwear unit in Tirupur was set up in 1925 and the growth of the industry was slow till late 1930s. A series of strikes in late 1930s in knitting factories in the neighboring towns of Salem and Madurai resulted in the opening of new firms in Tirupur. Subsequently, it emerged as the prominent centre for knitwear in South India by 1940s. In 1942, 34 units were engaged in the production of knitwear all these units were composite mills and the production was carried out in the same unit (sic). There are also references to some units performing specific tasks / operations like bleaching and dyeing, located in the larger units. By 1961, the number of units rose to 230 and till early 1970s, the industry catered only to the domestic market. These units were mostly composite mills without any subcontracting system of production. It was in the 1980s, the export market began to expand and subsequently Tirupur emerged as the largest exporter of cotton knitwear from the country, accounting for roughly 80 percent of the total cotton knitwear exporters.
Commencement of Exports
Tirupur’s direct exports started with Italy. Verona, a garment importer from Italy came to Tirupur in 1978 through Mumbai exporters to buy white T-shirts. A lot of job workers were manufacturing garments for merchant exporters. He realised the potential and came to Tirupur the following year. Verona was the man who brought European business to Tirupur. On seeing the quality, others soon followed suit. In 1981 European retail chain C&A came. Gradually, other stores also approached the exporters for supplying of garments.

A handful of manufacturers exported garments worth Rs.15 crore in 1985. The next couple of year was a windfall for Tirupur as exports touched Rs.300 crore in 1990.


Capacity of Units in Various Operations

     Tirupur is known for the cluster activity and mostly each stage of the processing of garment making is normally being carried out by outside units say, Knitting units, Dyeing & Bleaching Units, Fabric Printing, Garmenting, Embroidery, Compacting and Calendaring and other ancillary units. The following table shows the number of units functioning to carryout the respective activities.

Operations

Number of Units

Knitting

750

Dyeing and Bleaching

400

Printing

500

Garment Making

Exporting units

Domestic and job working unit

 

1500

3000

Embroidery

350

Other Ancillary Units

1100

Compacting and Calendaring

750

Total

8350



FORMATION OF TEA

     Tirupur Exporters’ Association popularly known as TEA was set up in the year 1990 in Tirupur under the leadership of Dr. A. Sakthivel and strived for the development of exports and also Tirupur. TEA has always been very quick in taking up the issues and stand in forefront to get them addressed. Dr. A. Sakthivel was the president of association till 27th September 2016 from the inception of the association.

     Now, Shri Raja M Shanmugham has assumed as president of the association with an ambition of reaching one lakh crore Tirupur business, including exports and domestic in the year 2020. To fulfill the Vision 2020, he has been taking up various fresh ideas and thoughts and is trying to implement the same expediently. His top priorities are constitution of Knitwear Board in Tirupur, setting up of Design studio, Construction of one lakh houses for workers, imparting skills training to workers to increase productivity etc.

As on June 2018, TEA consisting of 1049 knitwear exporters as members.

Knitwear Exports

(Value in Rs. Cr)

Year

Quantity (Lakh Pieces)

Value (Rs)

1984

104.2

9.69

1985

172.1

18.69

1986

288.7

37.48

1987

333.56

74.49

1988

459.06

104.24

1989

614

167.39

1990

888.73

289.85

1991

905.11

429.48

1992

1399

774.93

1993

1893

1162.43

1994

1964

1318

1995

2171

1591.83

1996

2574

1897

1997

2983

2255

1998

3461

2619

1999

3764

3067

2000

4243

3581

2001

3831

3528

2002

3580

3250

2003

3812

3896

2004

4114

4468.75

2004 – 2005

 

6,500.00

2005 – 2006

 

8,500.00

2006 – 2007

 

11,000.00

2007 – 2008

 

9,950.00

2008 – 2009

 

11,250.00

2009 – 2010

 

11,500.00

2010 – 2011 

 

12,500.00

2011 – 2012 

 

12,500.00

2012 – 2013

 

13,000.00

2013 -  2014

 

18,000.00

2014 – 2015

 

21,000.00

2015- 16 

 

23,050.00

2016- 17

 

26,000.00

2017-18

 

24,000.00


As far as the export is concerned, all leading brands Nike, Cutter & Buck, Tommy Hilfigure, Point Zero, Fruit of Looms, Adidas, GAP, Katzenberg, Van Hussain, Fila, Arrow, TESCO, S Oliver, Inditex (Zara), etc., and leading chain stores like C&A, WalMart, Target, Primark, Sears and Mothers Care, H&M, Decathlon, Carrefour, Lindex, Hanes Brand, Polo, Ralph Lauren, NEXT, Kiabi, Columbia Sportswear, Bhs, Wal-Mart, Aldi stores, Guess Jeans & Spring Field etc., are sourcing from Tirupur.

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