ABOUT TEA

     Tirupur was an obscure town once has now been placed in the knitwear map of global apart from catering to the whole India. The success story of Tirupur can be mainly attributed to the entrepreneurial skills of the people coupled with hard work and commitment to the job. Within two decades, the knitwear exports from Tirupur has grownup by leaps and bounds, from less than Rs.10 crores in 1984 to Rs.11,000 crores in 2006-07. By noting the growth trend, Tirupur had set an export target of US $ 4 billion by 2010. But in reality, target was not able to met due to various adverse factors internationally and also domestically. Due to recession in EU and US markets, in 2011-12, there was a flat growth and achieved the previous year turnover of Rs.12,500 crores and this turnover was also achieved due to increase in the value terms and not in terms of quantity. In the last financial year 2013-14, Tirupur achieved Rs.18,000 crores. In 2014-15, Tirupur exports recorded Rs.20,730 Crores and in first six months of 2015-16 , the exports recorded was Rs.11,100 Crores.      Due to recession in EU and US markets, in 2011-12, there was a flat growth and achieved the previous year turnover of Rs.12,500 crores and this turnover was also achieved due to increase in the value terms and not in terms of quantity. In the last financial year 2013-14, Tirupur achieved Rs.18,000 crores. In 2014-15, Tirupur exports recorded Rs.20,730 Crores and in first six months of 2015-16 , the exports recorded was Rs.11,100 Crores.

TIRUPUR KNITWEAR EXPORTS

     Tirupur is contributing about 45% of total knitwear exports from our country and is exporting only cotton based garments. There is a good scope for increasing our market share in the global from the current level of about 2.6% by exporting value added products and synthetic products. As a product diversification, Knitwear Technology Mission (KTM) has been setup in Tirupur, under the aegis of AEPC to guide the industry to venture into manufacturing of synthetic garments like sportswear, swim wear, yoga wear, performance wear etc ., which have a market

      Tirupur was an obscure town once has now been placed in the knitwear map of global apart from catering to the whole India. The success story of Tirupur can be mainly attributed to the entrepreneurial skills of the people coupled with hard work and commitment to the job. Within two decades, the knitwear exports from Tirupur has grownup by leaps and bounds, from less than Rs.10 crores in 1984 to Rs.11,000 crores in 2006-07. By noting the growth trend, Tirupur had set an export target of US $ 4 billion by 2010. But in reality, target was not able to met due to various adverse factors internationally and also domestically.      Tirupur was an obscure town once has now been placed in the knitwear map of global apart from catering to the whole India. The success story of Tirupur can be mainly attributed to the entrepreneurial skills of the people coupled with hard work and commitment to the job. Within two decades, the knitwear exports from Tirupur has grownup by leaps and bounds, from less than Rs.10 crores in 1984 to Rs.11,000 crores in 2006-07. By noting the growth trend, Tirupur had set an export target of US $ 4 billion by 2010. But in reality, target was not able to met due to various adverse factors internationally and also domestically.      Due to recession in EU and US markets, in 2011-12, there was a flat growth and achieved the previous year turnover of Rs.12,500 crores and this turnover was also achieved due to increase in the value terms and not in terms of quantity. In the last financial year 2013-14, Tirupur achieved Rs.18,000 crores. In 2014-15, Tirupur exports recorded Rs.20,730 Crores and in first six months of 2015-16 , the exports recorded was Rs.11,100 Crores.

Chronological growth of Tirupur
The first knitwear unit in Tirupur was set up in 1925 and the growth of the industry was slow till late 1930s. A series of strikes in late 1930s in knitting factories in the neighboring towns of Salem and Madurai resulted in the opening of new firms in Tirupur. Subsequently, it emerged as the prominent centre for knitwear in South India by 1940s. In 1942, 34 units were engaged in the production of knitwear all these units were composite mills and the production was carried out in the same unit (sic). There are also references to some units performing specific tasks / operations like bleaching and dyeing, located in the larger units. By 1961, the number of units rose to 230 and till early 1970s, the industry catered only to the domestic market. These units were mostly composite mills without any subcontracting system of production. It was in the 1980s, the export market began to expand and subsequently Tirupur emerged as the largest exporter of cotton knitwear from the country, accounting for roughly 80 percent of the total cotton knitwear exporters.
Commencement of Exports
Tirupur’s direct exports started with Italy. Verona, a garment importer from Italy came to Tirupur in 1978 through Mumbai exporters to buy white T-shirts. A lot of job workers were manufacturing garments for merchant exporters. He realised the potential and came to Tirupur the following year. Verona was the man who brought European business to Tirupur. On seeing the quality, others soon followed suit. In 1981 European retail chain C&A came. Gradually, other stores also approached the exporters for supplying of garments. A handful of manufacturers exported garments worth Rs.15 crore in 1985. The next couple of year was a windfall for Tirupur as exports touched Rs.300 crore in 1990.
Capacity of Units in Various Operations
Tirupur is known for the cluster activity and mostly each stage of the processing of garment making is normally being carried out by outside units say, Knitting units, Dyeing & Bleaching Units, Fabric Printing, Garmenting, Embroidery, Compacting and Calendaring and other ancillary units. The following table shows the number of units functioning to carryout the respective activities.
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